Shore Hardness

Shore Hardness is a measure of the resistance of a material to penetration of a spring loaded needle-like indenter.

Hardness of polymers (rubbers, plastics) is usually measured by Shore scales.

Shore A scale is used for testing soft elastomers (rubbers) and other soft polymers.

Hardness of hard elastomers and most other polymer materials is measured by scale. Shore Hardness is tested with an instrument called Durometers. A Durometer utilizes an indenter loaded by a calibrated spring. The measured hardness is determined by the penetration depth of the indenter under the load.

Two different indenter shapes and two different spring loads are used for two Shore scales (A and D).

The loading forces of Shore A: 1.812 lb (822 g), Shore D: 10 lb (4536 g).

Shore hardness value may vary in the range from 0 to 100. Maximum penetration for each scale is 0.097-0.1 inch.

This value corresponds to minimum Shore hardness: 0. Maximum hardness value 100 corresponds to zero penetration.

Rubber Shore Hardness and typical applications



30 Shore A

Art gum erasers

35 Shore A

Rubber bands

40 Shore A

Can tester pads

50 Shore A

Rubber stamps

55 Shore A

Pencil erasers

60 Shore A

Screen wiper blades

65 Shore A

Automotive tires

70 Shore A

Shoe heels

75 Shore A

Abrasive handling pads

80 Shore A

Shoe soles

85 Shore A

Tap washers

90 Shore A

Typewriter rollers

95 Shore A

Fork lift solid tires

60 Shore D

Golf ball

70 Shore D

Metal forming wiper dies

80 Shore D

Paper-making rolls